Even though proper hand washing is the most effective and easiest way to prevent many diseases, unfortunately many people do not practice hand washing correctly. The worldwide Global Hand Washing Day campaign which targets school children as the most effective agents for behavior change is both evidence of this problem and an attempt to address it. In this study the researcher Aimed: to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on hand washing techniques to prevent gastrointestinal infections among school going children. Research design: adopted for this study was quasi experimental design, samples for the study was selected through convenient sampling technique. Total sample size for the study was 100. Pre-test was done to the subjects in both group and Experimental group subjects received structured teaching programme regarding hand washing techniques to prevent gastrointestinal infections. Control group subjects do not received any special interventions. On the seventh day from the pre-test researcher took post-test among subjects in both the group to assess the effectiveness of the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on hand washing techniques to prevent gastrointestinal infections. Data collected were analyzed with the help of descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Mean post-test score in experimental and control group was 25.72 and 13.71 respectively. The mean difference score was 12.01. The standard deviation scores in experimental group was 2.170 and for control group 9.131. The ‘t’ value was 59.524 which was statistically significant at the ‘P’ value 0.000. Conclusion: This study imposes importance of suitable health teaching intervention through proper structure to the school children, for enhancement concerning hand hygiene among them, all over the country.
Cite this article:
Meena Rani, Sathish Rajamani, Renu Rani. A Quasi-experimental Study to assess the effectiveness of Structured teaching programme on hand washing techniques to prevent Gastrointestinal infections among school going children in selected school Ludhiana, Punjab. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(1):37-41. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00009.0
Meena Rani, Sathish Rajamani, Renu Rani. A Quasi-experimental Study to assess the effectiveness of Structured teaching programme on hand washing techniques to prevent Gastrointestinal infections among school going children in selected school Ludhiana, Punjab. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(1):37-41. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00009.0 Available on: https://ijneronline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-9-1-9
1. Watson JA, Ensink JHJ, Ramos M, Benelli P, Holdsworth E, Dreibelbis R, et al. Does targeting children with hygiene promotion messages work? The effect of handwashing promotion targeted at children, on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infections and behaviour change, in low- and middle-income countries. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2017; 22(5): 526–38.
2. Rodríguez L, Cervantes E, Ortiz R. Malnutrition and Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Infections in Children: A Public Health Problem. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Apr; 8(4): 1174–205.
3. Luby SP, Halder AK, Huda T, Unicomb L, Johnston RB. The Effect of Handwashing at Recommended Times with Water Alone and With Soap on Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh: An Observational Study. PLoS Med [Internet]. 2011 Jun 28 [cited 2020 Oct 21];8(6). Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/articles/PMC3125291/
4. Selvaraj K, Chinnakali P, Majumdar A, Krishnan IS. Acute respiratory infections among under-5 children in India: A situational analysis. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2014; 5(1):15–20.
5. Gawai P, Taware S, Chatterjee A, Thakur H. A cross sectional descriptive study of hand washing knowledge and practices among primary school children in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2016 Oct 1;3: 2958–66.
6. Bloomfield SF, Aiello AE, Cookson B, O’Boyle C, Larson EL. The effectiveness of hand hygiene procedures in reducing the risks of infections in home and community settings including handwashing and alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Am J Infect Control. 2007 Dec; 35(10): S27–64.
7. Effect of handwashing on child health: A randomised controlled trial | Request PDF [Internet]. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7720327_Effect_of_handwashing_on_child_health_A_randomised_controlled_trial
8. Kumari M, Thakur M, Sharma M, Sharma M, Machal M, Devi SS, et al. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching program in terms of knowledge regarding hand washing techniques among school going children in selected school of Barara, Ambala.: 2.
9. Mane MA, Tata SH. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene Technique among School Children in Maharashtra, India. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care. 2017 Dec 8;9(4): 174–9.
10. Fenollar F, Mediannikov O. Emerging infectious diseases in Africa in the 21st century. New Microbes New Infect. 2018 Sep 21;26: S10–8.
11. 3002378nivethar.pdf [Internet]. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/2759/1/3002378nivethar.pdf
12. [PDF] Effectiveness of hand hygiene teaching on knowledge and compliance of hand washing among the students at a selected school in Mugalivakkam village, Kancheepuram District | Semantic Scholar [Internet]. [cited 2020 Oct 21]. Available from: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Effectiveness-of-hand-hygiene-teaching-on-knowledge-Aruna/32553db95195295572601c 6e7343ff63aa729728
13. Shrestha A, Angolkar M. Improving hand washing among school children: an educational intervention in South India. 2015;8:5.