Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a rare but severe hemorrhagic fever which affects both people and non-human primates. MVD is caused by the Marburg virus, a genetically unique zoonotic (or, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family1. The six species of Ebola virus are the only other known members of the filovirus family. Marburg virus was first recognized in 19671. Two fatal cases of Marburg virus disease (MVD) were reported from Ashanti region, Ghana. On 28 June 2022, these cases were notified to health authorities as suspected viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) cases and tested positive for Marburg virus on 1 July 20222. The reservoir host of Marburg virus is the African fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus. Marburg virus is the causative agent of Marburg virus disease (MVD), a disease with a case fatality ratio of up to 88%, but can be much lower with good patient care. Marburg and Ebola viruses are both members of the Filoviridae family (filovirus). Though caused by different viruses, the two diseases are clinically similar1. The incubation period (interval from infection to onset of symptoms) varies from 2 to 21 days2. Many patients develop severe haemorrhagic manifestations between 5 and 7 days, and fatal cases usually have some form of bleeding, often from multiple areas. It can be difficult to clinically distinguish MVD from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever, shigellosis, meningitis and other viral haemorrhagic fevers. Currently there are no vaccines or antiviral treatments approved for MVD2. However, supportive care – rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids – and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. Healthcare workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Marburg virus should apply extra infection control measures to prevent contact with the patient’s blood and body fluids and contaminated surfaces or materials such as clothing and bedding2.
Cite this article:
Shanees. E. Marburg Virus Disease. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2022; 10(4):403-5. doi: 10.52711/2454-2660.2022.00091
Shanees. E. Marburg Virus Disease. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2022; 10(4):403-5. doi: 10.52711/2454-2660.2022.00091 Available on: https://ijneronline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-10-4-26