Besi Paul, Usha V. K.
Besi Paul1*, Dr. Usha V. K.2
1Asst. Professor, Dept. of Mental Health Nursing, MOSC College of Nursing, Kolenchery, Kerala.
2Vice Principal, Govt. Nursing College, Kottayam, Kerala.
Volume - 9,
Issue - 1,
Year - 2021
Background: Prevention of an initial episode of depression among adolescents at risk prevents the personal, social and societal effects of a Major Depressive Episode. Methodology: The study was conducted among adolescents with age between 12 to 18 years, studying in two selected schools of Ernakulam district. A total of 400 adolescents from two selected schools were screened using Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CESD) for sub-clinical depression. 40 adolescents with scores between 8 and 17 were included in the study. For the experimental group, pre-test was conducted using Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED) and WHO 5 well -being index. After the pre-test the adolescents were given a structured intervention program with four sessions administered over four consecutive weeks. The post test was conducted immediately after the last session of the intervention, and at 1 month following the intervention using the same tools. For the control group, after pre- test, post -test was conducted after four weeks and at 8 weeks following the pre- test without intervention. Results: The study result showed that there was a significant statistical difference in the average depression scores before intervention and after first post test (p = 0.00) and also after second post- test (p = 0.00). A significant statistical difference was also identified between depression scores of intervention and control group (p = 0.00). A similar effect was noted for anxiety and depression as well. Conclusion: The study concluded that the multi-component intervention was effective in reducing depressive symptoms and anxiety among adolescents.
Cite this article:
Besi Paul, Usha V. K.. Effect of a Multicomponent depression prevention Intervention on depressive Symptoms, Anxiety and well-being among adolescents with risk for depression: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(1):17-23. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00005.3
Besi Paul, Usha V. K.. Effect of a Multicomponent depression prevention Intervention on depressive Symptoms, Anxiety and well-being among adolescents with risk for depression: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(1):17-23. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00005.3 Available on: https://ijneronline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-9-1-5
1. S N Joyce, R Z Godfrey, O Emilio et al. Prevalence and factorsassociated with depression symptomsamong school going adolescents in Central Uganda. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2016: 10(39).
2. C Surabhi, L Panna, N Harsavardhan Prevalence of Depression among School Children aged 15 years and above in a Public School in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research. 2014: 3(6); 269-273.
3. M.Muhil, Umapathysembian. Status of Depression among School Children and Adolescents in Urban Areas of Tamilnadu. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2015: 14(7); 117-119.
4. Jayanthi P, Thirunavukarasu M. Prevalence of Depression among School Going Adolescents in South India. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2015: 7(1); 61-63.
5. C W. Edward. Interventions for childhood depression. Shanghai Arch Psychiatry. 2013:25(1); 50–51.
6. Arnarson EO, Craighead WE. Prevention of depression among Icelandic adolescents: A 12-month follow-up. Beh Res Ther. 2011; 49:170–174.
7. E Stice, H Shaw et al. A meta-analytic review of depression prevention programs for children and adolescents: Factors that predict magnitude of intervention effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2009: 77(3); 486-503.
8. Gillham JE, Hamilton J, Freres DR, Patton K, Gallop R. Preventing depression among early adolescents in the primary care setting: A randomized controlled study of the Penn Resiliency Program. Journal of abnormal child psychology. 2006 Apr 1;34(2):195-211.
9. Calear, A. L., Christensen, H., Mackinnon, A., Griffiths, K. M., and O'Kearney, R. (2009). The Youth Mood Project: A cluster randomized controlled trial of an online cognitive behavioral program with adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(6), 1021–1032
10. Jordans MJ, Komproe IH, Tol WA, Kohrt BA, Luitel NP, Macy RD, De Jong JT. Evaluation of a classroom‐based psychosocial intervention in conflict‐affected Nepal: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2010 Jul;51(7):818-26.
11. Huppert FA, Johnson DM. A controlled trial of mindfulness training in schools: The importance of practice for an impact on well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2010 Jul 1;5(4): 264-74.