Author(s): Emy Jancy Rani J.

Email(s): demynurse@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2454-2660.2022.00093   

Address: Emy Jancy Rani J.
Asst. Professor, Shri Sathya Sai College of Nursing, Ammapettai Village, Kancheepuram, Dt., Pin – 603108.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 10,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2022


ABSTRACT:
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970. Since then, monkeypox has been reported in people in several other central and western African countries. Prior to the 2022 outbreak, nearly all monkeypox cases in people outside of Africa were linked to international travel to countries where the disease commonly occurs, or through imported animals.1 It’s not clear how the people were exposed to monkeypox, but early data suggest that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men make up a high number of cases. However, anyone who has been in close contact with someone who has monkeypox is at risk. Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe. With the eradication of smallpox in 1980 and subsequent cessation of smallpox vaccination, monkeypox has emerged as the most important orthopoxvirus for public health. Monkeypox primarily occurs in central and west Africa, often in proximity to tropical rainforests, and has been increasingly appearing in urban areas. Animal hosts include a range of rodents and non-human primates.1


Cite this article:
Emy Jancy Rani J.. Monkeypox: All you need to know about Monkey Pox. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2022; 10(4):409-4. doi: 10.52711/2454-2660.2022.00093

Cite(Electronic):
Emy Jancy Rani J.. Monkeypox: All you need to know about Monkey Pox. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2022; 10(4):409-4. doi: 10.52711/2454-2660.2022.00093   Available on: https://ijneronline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2022-10-4-28


REFERENCES:
1.    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Monkeypox. Accessed May 25, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/about.html
2.    World health organization (WHO). Monkeypox. Accessed May 25, 2022. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/monkeypox
3.    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Monkeypox Treatment. Accessed May 25, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/clinicians/treatment.html
4.    Falcinelli SD, Chertow DS, Kindrachuk J. Integration of global analyses of host molecular responses with clinical data to evaluate pathogenesis and advance therapies for emerging and re-emerging viral infections. ACS Infect Dis. 2016;2(11):787-799. doi:10.1021/acsinfecdis.6b00104
5.    Brown K, Leggat PA. Human monkeypox: current state of knowledge and implications for the future. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2016;1(1):8. / doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(22)00228-6 Monkeypox Outbreak — Nine States, May 2022 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:764–769.
6.    Emergence of Monkeypox — West and Central Africa, 1970–2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:306–310.
7.    Strengthening of Surveillance during Monkeypox Outbreak, Republic of the Congo, 2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(6):1158-1160.
8.    Reemergence of Human Monkeypox in Nigeria, 2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(6):1149-1151.
9.    Multistate outbreak of monkeypox—Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 Jun 13;52(23):537-540.
10.    Update: multistate outbreak of monkeypox—Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 Jun 20;52(24):561-564.
11.    Update: multistate outbreak of monkeypox—Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 Jun 27;52(25):589-590.
12.    Update: multistate outbreak of monkeypox—Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2003 Jul 4;52(26):616-618.


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