Adolescence is a transition phase where many physical and mental changes occur menstruation being one of them. Menstruation can be painful and is seen in more than 70% of adolescent girls. Heat is an old remedy for aches and pain, and people often equate heat with comforts and relief. Reflexology is holistic treatment, promotes natural healing, induces relaxation, and improves blood circulation and nerve supply. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of hot application on dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls, to evaluate the effectiveness of foot reflexology on dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls, to compare the effectiveness of hot application versus foot reflexology on dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls. Research methodology: The approach for the study is quasi experimental approach, it was a quantitative study a two group pre-test post-test design was used. The population comprises of adolescent girls with dysmenorrhoea. The sample size was 60, 30 for each interventional group. Samples have been selected using purposive sampling technique in which randomization was done by lottery method. The data collection process took 1 month. The collected data had been organized, tabulated and analyzed by using descriptive statistics, i.e. percentage, mean and standard deviation whereas paired ‘t’ test have been used to analyse comparison between the two interventional groups.
Findings of the study: Before hot application, average pain score of adolescent girls was1.9 which decreased to 1.1 after the hot application. Paired t-test was used to compare the pain scores of adolescent girls before and after hot application on dysmenorrhea. Since all the p-values are small (less than 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. The pain score of adolescent girls reduced significantly after hot application.Before foot reflexology, average pain score of adolescent girls was 2.4 which decreased to 0.0 after the foot reflexology. Paired t-test was used to compare the pain scores of adolescent girls before and after foot reflexology on dysmenorrhea. Since all the p-values are small (less than 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. The pain score of adolescent girls reduced significantly after foot reflexology.Comparison of the effectiveness of hot application and foot reflexology on dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls was done using Two sample t-test.. For foot reflexology, the effectiveness was found to be always higher than that for hot application clinically. Since the p-values are small (less than 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. The effectiveness of foot reflexology on dysmenorrhea in adolescents girls was clinically more significant than that of hot application. Conclusion: The findings of present study is that when compared ,foot reflexology on dysmenorrhea showed higher clinical significance than that of hot application.
Cite this article:
Meghashri Muralidharan. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Hot Application Versus foot Reflexology on Dysmenorrhea among Adolescent Girls. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2018; 6(1): 19-26. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00005.4