Hemodialysis is the procedure to remove waste and excess fluid from the blood when the kidney cannot do so sufficiently through the process of diffusion, osmosis and ultra filtration using external dialyzer. Studies have revealed that, about one million people are undergoing haemodialysis worldwide. In haemodialysis patient there may be a chance for developing complications. To overcome the complications during procedure the researcher adopted the alternative therapies.
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of Benson’s relaxation technique Vs Music therapy on bio psychological parameters among patient under haemodialysis.
Design: True experimental where Factorial design was used.
Setting: Government Head Quarters Hospital, Erode
Sample size: Total sample size was 30 patient under haemodialysis out of which 15 were experimental group I and 15 were experimental group II.
Sampling technique: Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample.
Methods: Experimental group I received Benson’s relaxation technique and experimental group II received music therapy 30 minutes 3 times a week. Pre test was done by using Vital parameters observation tool and Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and post test was done by using the same scale on the 8th day.
Results: From the findings of the study it can be concluded that Most (46% and 40%) of the patients under haemodialysis were in the age group of above 50 years. Most (60% and 53%) of the patients under haemodialysis were male. Most (47% and 40%) of the patients under haemodialysis were under less than 3 hours and 3 -4 hours duration of dialysis. Most (80% and) of the patients under haemodialysis had no previous history of dialysis. Most (47% and 53%) of the patients under haemodialysis had no/low trait anxiety and moderate trait anxiety. Most (94% and 100%) of the patients under haemodialysis were non medical profession. The paired‘t’ value for experimental group I was 18.21 and 13.62 15.8 whereas in experimental group II 23.52 and anxiety was 17.42 respectively. Unpaired t test value for vital parameters was 15.96 and anxiety was 6.42. No significant between association between post test scores of bio psychological parameters with their demographic variables like age, gender, previous history of dialysis and occupation, whereas significant association in experimental group I trait anxiety and experimental group II was duration of dialysis and trait anxiety.
Conclusion: Benson’s relaxation technique as well as Music therapy both can be used for bio psychological parameters among patient under haemodialysis. But music therapy was more effective than Benson’s relaxation technique on bio psychological parameters among patient under haemodialysis
Cite this article:
G. Maheswari, Edwin Sam. Effectiveness of Benson’s Relaxation Technique Vs Music Therapy on Bio-Psychological Parameters of Haemodialysis Patients. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research 2(4): Oct.- Dec. 2014; Page 369-375.