Author(s): Jeba Bakhtiar, Manashi Sengupta

Email(s): manashi_sengupta@rediffmail.com

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00049.1   

Address: Jeba Bakhtiar1, Manashi Sengupta2*
1M.Sc. Nursing (Medical Surgical Nursing-Critical Care Nursing).
2Prof., Dean, I/c, Faculty of Nursing, Assam downtown University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 9,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Background: Thrombophlebitis is a condition where there is a blood clot in the vein that results in redness, swelling. Non- pharmacological therapies that can be provided to reduce the risk and incidence of thrombophlebitis are provision of proximal massage and hand exercise. Objectives: 1. To assess the IV cannulated site for the risk of thrombophlebitis among IV cannulated patients. 2. To evaluate the effect of proximal massage and palm fisting exercise in reducing the risk of thrombophlebitis among experimental and control group. 3. To determine the association between the risk of thrombophlebitis with the selected demographic and clinical variables among IV cannulated patients in experimental group. Methods: A quantitative research approach and true experimental research design was conducted by using simple random sampling technique with lottery method. Results: The mean VIP score (1.67) of the control group was higher than the mean VIP score (0.8) in the experimental group. Thus, indicating that proximal massage and palm fisting exercise was effective in reducing the risk of thrombophlebitis. The result of chi square revealed that, there is significant association between the risk of thrombophlebitis with selected demographic variables and clinical variables viz., age in years, gender, body mass index, current diagnosis, size of the cannula, and site of the cannula types and frequency of IV medications and IV infusions, frequency of IV medications and infusion among IV cannulated patients in experimental group. Conclusion: Proximal massage and palm fisting exercise are non- invasive, simple techniques and these are effective in reducing the risk of thrombophlebitis among IV cannulated patients.


Cite this article:
Jeba Bakhtiar, Manashi Sengupta. Effect of Proximal Massage and Palm Fisting Exercise in Reducing the risk of Thrombophlebitis among IV cannulated patients in selected hospital, Guwahati, Assam. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(2):202-206. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00049.1

Cite(Electronic):
Jeba Bakhtiar, Manashi Sengupta. Effect of Proximal Massage and Palm Fisting Exercise in Reducing the risk of Thrombophlebitis among IV cannulated patients in selected hospital, Guwahati, Assam. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(2):202-206. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00049.1   Available on: https://ijneronline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-9-2-17


REFERENCES:
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2.    Muscolino J. Learn muscles for manual therapy and movement professionals. Available from https://learnmuscles.com/
3.    Brar N. A study to evaluate effectiveness of cold application and magnesium sulphate application on superficial thrombophlebitis among patients receiving intravenous therapy in selected hospitals Amritsar. Available from https://www.scribd.com/doc/132585038/
4.    Urbanetto JS, Pexioto CG, May TA. Incidence of phlebitis associated with the use of peripheral IV catheter and following catheter removal. Rev.Latino-Am. Enfermagem. 2016;e2746. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.0604.2746. Available from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/27508916
5.    Saji J, Korula SV, Methew A, Mohan L. The incidence of thrombophlebitis following the use of peripheral intravenous cannula in post-operative patients: A prospective observational study. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. e-ISSN: 2279-0853,p-ISSN:2279-0861. Volume 6 Ver.1(June2015), PP 01-04. DOI:10.9790/0853-14610104. Available from https:// pdfs.semanticscholar.org/af20/8213cc0b9ebc-c24f60e54494b48055a494925.pdf
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