Swine flu was first recognised in the 1919 pandemic and still circulates as a seasonal flu virus. Swine flu is caused by the H1N1 virus strain, which started in pigs. Symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, chills, weakness and body aches. Children, pregnant women and the elderly are at risk from severe infection. The incubation period for the disease is about one to four days. Swine flu is contagious about one day before symptoms develop to about five to seven days after symptoms develop; some patients may be contagious for a longer time span. The disease lasts about three to seven days with more serious infections lasting about 9 to 10 days. Typical treatment includes rest, pain relievers and fluids. In some cases antiviral medication and IV fluids may be required. Vaccination is the best way to prevent or reduce the chances of becoming infected with influenza viruses.
Cite this article:
Vigy Elizebth Cherian. Swine Flu. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2019; 7(2):285-286. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00065.6