Split spinal cord malformation (SSCM) is a rare form of spinal dysraphism in which a person is born with splitting, or duplication, of the spinal cord. It may be characterized by complete or incomplete division of the spinal cord, resulting in two 'hemicords.' There are two types of SSCM. In type I, each hemicord has a full protective covering (thecal sac) and they are separated by a bony structure, forming a double spinal canal. In type II, the two hemicords are surrounded by one thecal sac and there is a single spinal canal. Some people may not have symptoms, while others may have a tethered cord and/or various other spinal abnormalities. Treatment may include surgery for release of a tethered cord, and/or physical therapy for neurologic problems or pain.
Cite this article:
Vigy Elizebth Cherian. Diastematomyelia. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2020; 8(1): 129-130. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00029.0