Objective: The objective of the study is to assess the self care practices of diabetic clients regarding management of type II diabetes mellitus. Methodology: A quantitative research approach involving descriptive survey design was adopted for this study. The study was conducted in selected urban area of Bangalore in the state of Karnataka. To achieve the objective of the study, a non-probability –purposive sampling was used to select a sample of 60 diabetic clients who had type II diabetes mellitus. The data was collected by using self care practice assessment questionnaire using interviewing technique. Instrument validity was determined through content validity, by a panel of experts. Reliability of the instrument was determined through the use of K-R21 formula which was found to be 0.82. Analysis of the data was performed by using descriptive statistics. Results: The results of the study showed that 32 (53.33%) of the diabetic clients had moderate level of self care practice followed by 28 (46.66%) with poor level of self care practice regarding management of diabetes mellitus. None of them had good self care practice that would have helped them to manage the disease effectively. Conclusion: The researcher concludes that most of the diabetic clients have inadequate self care practices regarding management of diabetes mellitus. Recommendation: Diabetes and its complications can largely be prevented if appropriate and timely measures are taken. Health education plays a very crucial role in prevention and control of diabetes and its complications. Importantly, repeated health education/reinforcement and motivation are bound to bring a positive change in self care practices with regard to diabetes control.
Cite this article:
Jeeva. S, Molly Babu. Assessment of self-care Practices of Diabetic Clients Regarding Management of type II Diabetes Mellitus at Selected Urban area of Bangalore, Karnataka. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2016; 4(4): 449-455. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2016.00083.1