Root cause analysis (RCA) is a structured method used to analyze serious adverse events. Initially developed to analyze industrial accidents, RCA is nowwidely deployed as an error analysis tool in health care. A central tenet of RCA is to identify underlying problems that increase the likelihood of errors while avoiding the trap of focusing on mistakes by individuals. RCA thus uses the systems approach to identify both active errors (errors occurring at the point of interface between humans and a complex system) and latent errors (the hidden problems within health care systems that contribute to adverse events). It is one of the most widely used retrospective methods for detecting safety hazards.
Cite this article:
T K Kiruthika . Root Cause Analysis in Health Care. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research 3(4): Oct.-Dec., 2015; Page 441-444. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2015.00038.1