Volume No. :   7

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2019

ISSN Print :  2347-8640

ISSN Online :  2454-2660


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A Comparative Study to assess the efficacy of CPI Score Vs APACHE Score to predict ventilator associated Pneumonia among patients admitted in ICU at SMVMCH, Puducherry



Address:   Dr. R. Danasu, Mrs. R. Sridevi, A. Santhanalakshmi
Sri Manakula Vinayagar Nursing College, Kalitheerthalkuppam, Puducherry
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00130.3

ABSTRACT:
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is pneumonia that develops 48 hours or longer after mechanical ventilation is given by means of an endotracheal tube or tracheostomy. A comparative descriptive design and quantitative research approach was adopted. 46 samples who are all in mechanical ventilator was selected for the study by using purposive sampling technique and the study was done at SMVMCH by using CPI score and APACHE score. The study result reveals that frequency and percentage wise distribution of the level of the risk of ventilator associated pneumonia by using CPIS score revealed that, out of 23 patients 14 (60.9%) of them had Low risk of getting VAP, 6 (26.1%) had Medium risk of getting VAP and 3 (13%) of them had High risk of getting VAP. Frequency and percentage wise distribution of the level of the risk of ventilator associated pneumonia by using APACHE score reveals that, out of 23 patient 13 (56.5%)of them had Low risk of getting VAP, 9 (39.1%) had Medium risk of getting VAP and 1 (4.3%) of them had High risk of getting VAP. Mean and standard deviation values are 5.30, 1.36 in CPI score and In APACHE score their mean and standard deviation values are 25. 21, 6.59. calculated un-paired ‘t’ test value of t = -14.18 shows statistically significant difference between Comparison of the level of the risk of ventilator associated pneumonia among patient on ventilator by using CPI and APACHE score respectively.
KEYWORDS:
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS), Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation Score (APACHE), Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Endo-tracheal Tube (ET).
Cite:
R. Danasu, R. Sridevi, A. Santhanalakshmi. A Comparative Study to assess the efficacy of CPI Score Vs APACHE Score to predict ventilator associated Pneumonia among patients admitted in ICU at SMVMCH, Puducherry. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2019; 7(4):584-589.
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