In developing countries, is facing an accelerating demographic switch to non-communicable diseases. In the cities congenital malformations and genetic disorders are important causes of morbidity and mortality. Due to the high birth rate in India a very large number of infants with genetic disorders are born every year almost half a million with malformations and 21000 with Down syndrome. Cord blood contains stem cells, which have the ability to generate new tissue in the body. They are the building blocks of various organs and tissues in the body and have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. Serving as a sort of repair system for the body, they can theoretically divide without limit to replenish other cells as long as the person or animal is still alive. While a stem cell divide, each new cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell.
Cite this article:
Vinod V. Bagilkar, Ashwini A. Patil. Benefits of Stem Cells in Pediatrics. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2017; 5(4): 377-380. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00079.5