Toxocariasis is asymptomatic as the larvae are unable to reproduce and subsequently die, but local inflammation can lead to distinct syndromes depending on where in the body the larvae reside. In rare cases these larvae may migrate to the central nervous system where they may cause a constellation of neurological symptoms including meningoencephalitis, focal deficits and seizures. The reports of toxocariasis shows causative factor of psychiatric symptoms. Several studies have highlighted the increased seroprevalence of antitoxocara antibodies in psychiatric populations particularly schizophrenia, although it is uncertain whether is a causative effect or secondary to the population’s increased likelihood to behave strangely or be homeless. Recently, there has been interest in the possible association between neurotoxocariasis and an immune-mediated dementia.
Cite this article:
Sampoornam. W. Psychiatric Clients with Toxocara- A Critical Review and Research gap analysis. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2017; 5(3): 344-346. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00072.2