PANDAS is hypothesized to be an autoimmune condition in which the body's own antibodies to streptococci attack the basal ganglion cells of the brain, by a concept known as molecular mimicry. PANDAS describes a hypothesis that there exists a subset of children with rapid onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or tic disorders and these symptoms are caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infections. PANDAS is hypothesized to be an autoimmune disorder that results in a variable combination of tics, obsessions, compulsions, and other symptoms that may be severe enough to qualify for diagnoses such as chronic tic disorder, OCD, and Tourette syndrome. PANDAS is thought to involve autoimmunity to the brain's basal ganglia. children may have other symptoms associated with exacerbations such as emotional liability, enuresis, anxiety, and deterioration in handwriting. five diagnostic criteria were proposed for PANDAS. Concerns have been raised that PANDAS may be over diagnosed, as a significant number of patients diagnosed with PANDAS by community physicians did not meet the criteria when examined by specialists, suggesting the PANDAS diagnosis is conferred by community physicians without conclusive evidence. Treatment for children suspected of PANDAS is generally the same as the standard treatments for TS and OCD. These include cognitive behavioral therapy and medications to treat OCD such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and "conventional therapy for tics".
Cite this article:
Purohit Saraswati, Shailaja K S,Maheshwari. E. A Review -Pandas. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research.2016; 4(2):212-216. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2016.00042.9