Introduction: Breast feeding the newborn is a satisfying and sometimes anxiety provoking task. Besides providing essential nutrition, it is an important mechanism in the Formation of the trusting relationship between the infant and mother. It is most effective to prepare the mother for breast feeding examination of the areola and nipple is important to identify any anatomic. If any anatomical abnormalities exist, they should be cause difficulties to feed. The abnormalities of the nipple includes long nipple, short nipple, abnormally large nipple, inverted and flat nipple and cracked or damaged nipple long nipple can lead to poor feeding because the baby is able to latch on to the nipple without drawing breast tissue into his mouth. Design: A quantitative approach using pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design. Participants: 30 primigravida mothers were selected using Non Probability Purposive sampling technique in civil hospital Mehsana District. Interventions: Planned teaching programme was given to the primigravida mothers. Tool: Self Structured Questionnaire was used to assess the level of Knowledge of primigravida mothers regarding Nipple Abnormality. Results: In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age group 56.6% (20 –25), Religion 73.3% (Hindu), Occupation 50 % (Other), Education 53.3% (Primary), and Monthly income 60% (5001-10,000), Type of family 53.3% (Nuclear Family), Previous knowledge 76.6% (No), The post- test Knowledge mean score (15.36) higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (4.83). The calculated ‘t’ value (31.06) was greater than the table value (1.98) at 0.05 level of significance. The planned teaching programme was effective in increasing the knowledge of primigraveda mother regarding Nipple abnormality. Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed that planned teaching programme helps in improving knowledge regarding Nipple Abnormality among the primigravida mothers.
Cite this article:
Mr. Chetan Prakash Bardwal. A Study to assess the effect of health teaching on knowledge regarding nipple abnormality among the primigravida mother in civil hospital, Mehsana. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2020; 8(2):259-261. doi: 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00056.3