A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding selected Child Welfare Programmes in India among the mothers of under Five Children in selected rural areas at Bangalore

 

Chithra K M

Research Scholar, Jeghadish Prasad Jhebarmal Tibrewala University, Vidyanagari, Rajasthan.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

 

 

ABSTRACT:

Children's development is an important as the development of material resources and the best way to develop National human resources is to take care of children. The general standard of living, the level of education, and the financial resources of the country are among the factors that determine child welfare standards. India contributes to about 5-6 million child death every year, more than half of the world’s total. Today child malnutrition is prevalent in 7% among the children under the age of five years in China and 28% in sub- Saharan African compared to a prevalence of 43% in India. Undernutrition   found mostly in rural area and is concentrated in a relatively small number of districts and villages with 10% of village and districts according for 27-28% of all underweight children. Methods: The research design used in the study was prr-exprimental   one group pretest and posttest design. Non probability purposive sampling was used to draw sample. The data was collected from 60 samples by using structured questionnaire. After seven days of Structured Teaching Programme posttest was administered by using same   structured questionnaire to find out the effectiveness of the STP on selected child health programmes. Result: The result showed that the mothers of under five children had 68.3% had adequate knowledge 31.7% had adequate knowledge and none of the mother had inadequate knowledge in the posttest after the STP administration. Enhancement was computed by using paired’t 'test at 0.05 level of significance and it was found to be 31.65, indicating that there is a significant improvement in the knowledge of mothers of under five children. Conclusion: The study findings suggested that the Structured Teaching Programme  is an effective instructional method in improving the knowledge of the mothers of under five  children regarding selected child  welfare programmes in India.

 

KEYWORDS: Effectiveness, Structured Teaching Programme, Child welfare programmes, mothers of under five children, knowledge.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Child welfare services seek to provide supportive service to families of children. It is one of the important responsibilities for the society and the state to assist the family for the welfare of the children. The child welfare is the responsibility of community and nation. Child development is an important as the development of material resources and the best way to develop National human resources is to take care of children. Child health in India is still in critical condition. All efforts are being made by Indian Government for the development and welfare of the children. The country renews the commitment and determination to give the highest priority to meet the basic needs and rights of all children through implement the child welfare programmes like, Mid-day meal program, National Immunization program, Vitamin A prophylaxis programme etc for the development of health, nutrition and education of children in India.1

 

NEED FOR THE STUDY:

India contributes to about 5.6million child death every year, more than half of the world’s total. Today child malnutrition is prevalent in 7% of children under   the age of 5years in China and 28% in Sib - Saharan African compared to a prevalence of 43% in India.  Undernutrition is found mostly rural areas and is concerntrated in a relatively small number   of districts   and village with 10% of villages and districts accounting for 27-28 of all underweight children.2

 

Micronutrients deficiencies are also a widespread problem in India. 57% of preschool children have sub-clinical Vitamin A deficiency b. Around 50% of global under five deaths occured in just five countries, in that one is India.3

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

To assess the existing knowledge von selected child welfare programme in India among mothers of under five children by pretest score.

 

To find the effectiveness of Structured Teaching programme regarding selected welfare programme in India among mother of underfive children by posttest scores.

 

To determine the association between the pretest knowledge scores of mothers with selected demographic variables.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H1: There will be significant difference between the pretest and posttest knowledge scores of mother of under five children regarding selected child welfare programmes

H2: There will be significant association between pretest knowly score on child welfare programme among mothers of under five children and selected demographic variables.

 

VARIABLES:

Dependent variable:

Knowledge of mothers regarding selected child welfare programmes is dependent variable

 

Independent variables:

Structured Teaching Programme is independent variables.

 

Socio demographic Variables:

Age, religion, occupation, type of family, family monthly income, number of under five children, previous knowledge, source of information.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The research design used in the study was pre-experimental one group pretest and posttest design.  Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to draw sample. The data was collected from 60 mothers of under five children by using structured questionnaire. after seven days of Structured Teaching Programme posttest was conducted by used the same questionnaire. The scores of knowledge questionnaire were catagetized as inadequate knowledge (<50%) average knowledge  (50-75%,) adequate  knowledge (>75%). The content validity of the tool was established baby split half method and the study used the descriptive and inferential statistics.

 

RESULTS:

1. Description of existing knowledge on selected child welfare programmes in India among the mother's.

In pretest, out of 60 mothers of under five children 44(73.3%) had inadequate knowledge and 16(26.7 %) moderate knowledge and none of the mother of under five children had adequate knowledge.

 

2. Find the effectiveness of the STP on selected child welfare programme among the mothers of under five children.

In post test, out of 60 mother’s of under five children 41 (68.3%) had adequate knowledge 19 (31.7%) had moderate knowledge and none of the mothers of under five children had   inadequate knowledge.

 

Enhancement was computed by using paired’t’ test at 0.05 level of significance and it was found to be 31.68 indicating that there is a significant improvement in the knowledge of mothers of under five children.

 

S. No

Level of knowledge

Pretest

%

Post test

%

1

Inadequate 

44

73

00

00

2

Moderate

16

26.7

19

31.7

3

Adequate

00

00

41

68.3

 

TOTAL

60

100

60

100

 

3. Determine the association between the knowledge score with demographic variables:

There is statistically significant association found between two demographic variables and pretest level of knowledge on selected child welfare programmes. The variable, education status of the mother showed significance at p<0.05 level of significance with Chi -Square value 12.97 and the variable, previous knowledge showed significance at P<0.05 level of significance with Chi- square value 8.12.

 

DISCUSSION:

This study evaluates the effectiveness of structured Teaching Programme regarding knowledge of selected child welfare programme among the mothers of underfive children in selected rural areas, Bangalore District.  A pre-experimental –one group pretest posttest design was adopted to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme. Structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect the data. A STP was implemented to find out the effectiveness. Association of pretest knowledge score with selected demographic variable was done by using Chi-square test. Present study showed that educational status and previous source of information showed a significant association with pretest score, whereas age, religion, occupation, type of family, income of the family are not significant. Hence the hypothesis (H2) is proved and accepted.

 

CONCLUSION:

The study concluded that the pretest showed that knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding knowledge on selected child welfare programmes was adequate in all the areas. The structured Teaching Programme was found on effective on improving the knowledge of mothers of under five children participated in the study. The STP is an effective method in improving the knowledge of mothers of under five children. The study proved that educational status, source of information showed a significant association with pretest scores, whereas age, religion, occupation, size of the family are not significant. The study recommended the need to implement this structure teaching program at others primary schools, and public awareness campaigns in different setting for further benefits in the aspect of awareness promotion.

 

REFERENCE:

1.      Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Policy for Child Nutrition (2020) <https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1697443> [accessed 19 May 2021].

2.      UNICEF.ORG, Levels & Trends in Child Mortality Report 2019 Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (2019) <https://www.unicef.org/media/60561/file/UN-IGME-child-mortality-report-2019.pdf> [accessed 7 July 2021].

3.      Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-2018 (2019) <https://nhm.gov.in/WriteReadData/l892s/1405796031571201348.pdf> [accessed 4 November 2021].

 

 

 

Received on 08.12.2022           Modified on 29.12.2022

Accepted on 21.01.2023          © A&V Publications all right reserved

Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2023; 11(1):38-40.

DOI: 10.52711/2454-2660.2023.00008