Body Safety Skills: Awareness of Sexual Provocation among School aged Children

 

Breulin Melshia. M1, Mrs. Lavanya Suku2, Dr. Santhi Appavu3

1Lecturer, CSI St. Luke’s College of Nursing, Nazareth,

The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.

2Assistant Professor, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor,

The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.

3Principal, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor, The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

 

ABSTRACT:

The study aimed at assessing the effect of video assisted teaching regarding body safety skills on awareness of sexual provocation among school aged children. Methods: A quantitative research approach with one group pretest posttest research design was adopted. The sample consisted of 60 school aged girl children selected by stratified random sampling method and convenience random sampling technique. Self-structured knowledge and attitude questionnaire was administered to assess the awareness of sexual provocation among school aged children. Video assisted teaching program on body safety skills were given for 30 minutes. Posttest was done after one week with the same questionnaire. Results: The mean posttest score (16.38) was significantly higher than the mean pretest (6.76) the calculated “t” value was 22.61 was higher than the table value of 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: These results support that the video assisted teaching program was effective in improving the awareness of sexual provocation on body safety skills among school aged children.

 

KEYWORDS: Body safety skills, sexual provocation, school aged children.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Children are always acceptable without any discrimination of their colour, race or nationality. Childhood days are the glorious period of life, where the child takes everything for good without any judgmental opinion. Child abuse may include physical, emotional, psychological or sexual. All these are caused by friends, family members or rarely strangers. The education about body safety is still a sensitive topic for parents to talk to their children. It is culturally a myth in discussing such topics with their children. But the school must not hesitate to give children education about touch that is needed and what not to be done with them by anyone family members or strangers.

 

Overall nearly 42% of Indian girls have gone through the trauma of sexual provocation before their teenage. (UNICEF (2014).  Thus, it is very clearly defined about lack of knowledge of activities of sexual provocation.

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

A quasi experimental study to assess the effect of video-assisted teaching regarding body safety skills on awareness of sexual provocation among school aged children in selected schools at Kanniyakumari district.

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

·       To assess the pretest and post-test level of knowledge and attitude on sexual provocation regarding body safety skills among school aged children.

·       To compare the pretest and post-test level of knowledge and attitude on sexual provocation regarding body safety skills among school aged children.

·       To associate the pretest level of knowledge and attitude on sexual provocation regarding body safety skills with selected demographic variables of school aged children.

 

HYPOTHESES:

H1:   There was significant difference between the pretest and post-test level of knowledge and attitude on sexual provocation regarding body safety skills among school aged children.

H2:   There was significant association between pretest level of knowledge and attitude with selected demographic variables of school aged children.

 

CONCEPTUAL FRAME WORK:

This study was based on modified King’s Goal Attainment theory (1987). The major components of the theory are stated as personal and interpersonal. Their concepts are interrelated in every nursing situation.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A quantitative approach with one group pretest posttest pre experimental research design was adopted to carry out the study. The study was conducted in Jacobed Matriculation School, Kallukootam at Kanniyakumari District.  The sample consisted of School aged children between 7 and 9 years and who fit in to the inclusion criteria were selected as samples. Stratified random sampling method was used. The investigator used this technique, as they were selected based on the availability as 20 school aged children from each classes II-IV.

 

Protection of the study participants:

The study was conducted after getting the permission from correspondent and principal of Jachobed Matriculation School, Kallukootam and oral consent from the students.  The awareness about sexual provocation before and after the video-assisted teaching on it was amassed to evaluate the effect of teaching.

 

Data collection procedure:

The data collection procedure was done for a period of 6weeks. Formal consent was obtained before conducting the study. The data collections were done as follows:

 

Step 1

The knowledge and attitude questionnaire were given to school aged children to obtain necessary data. Video teaching programme was given on the same day of conducting pretest. Video assisted teaching programme was lasted for thirty minutes.

 

Step 2

Posttest administered after 7 days of video assisted teaching programme. The same knowledge and attitude questionnaire were used to collect the posttest data. The scoring was done based on the scoring procedure.

 

Table 1: Assess the pretest and post-test level of knowledge regarding body safety skills among school aged children.      N=60

Level of knowledge

Pretest

Post test

F

%

f

%

Excellent

0

0.00

30

50.00

Very good

0

0.00

30

50.00

Good

21

35.00

0

0.00

Fair

27

45.00

0

0.00

Poor

12

20.00

0

0.00

 

The table 1 showed that the majority of the sample subject that is (45%) had fair level of knowledge and (35%) had good level of knowledge and (20%) had poor level of knowledge and no one had very good and excellent level of knowledge regarding body safety skills in pretest. Whereas during post-test (50%) had excellent level of knowledge and (50%) had very good level of knowledge and no one had good, fair and poor level of knowledge regarding body safety skills.

 

Table 2: Over all mean, standard deviation, percentage of pretest and post-test ofknowledge regarding body safety skills among school aged children.

Test

No. of observation

Minimum-maximum score

Mean

SD

Percentage (%)

Pretest

20

0-20

6.76

2.24

33.80

Post-test

20

0-20

16.38

1.67

81.90

 

The table 2 showed that the pretest mean knowledge score was 6.76 with SD 2.24 and its percentage score was 30.80% and in the post-test score it was 16.38 with SD 1.67 and in the post-test mean percentage score was 81.90%.

 

Table 3: Assess the pretest and post-test level of attitude among school aged children regarding body safety skills.

Level of attitude

Pretest

Post test

 

f

%

f

%

Best attitude

0

0.00

45

75.00

Good attitude

0

0.00

15

25.00

Neutral attitude

34

56.67

0

0.00

Bad attitude

26

43.33

0

0.00

Worst attitude

0

0.00

0

0.00

 

The above table showed that the majority of the sample subject that is (56.67%) had neutral attitude and (43.33%) had bad attitude and no one had best, good and worst attitude level regarding body safety skills in pretest. In post-test, (75%) had best attitude and (25%) had good attitude while no one had neutral, bad and worst level of attitude regarding body safety skills.

 

 

 

 


Table 4: Over all mean, standard deviation, percentage of pretest and post-test ofattitude regarding body safety skills among school aged children.

Test

No. of observation

Minimum-maximum score

Mean

SD

Percentage (%)

Pretest

10

0-40

18.33

3.79

45.83

Post-test

10

0-40

35.68

3.55

89.20


 

Assess the effect of video-assisted teaching regarding body safety skills on awareness on sexual provocation on knowledge and attitude among school aged children.

Variable

Test

Mean

SD

Mean difference

Paired ‘t’ test

Level of significant

Knowledge

Pretest

Post-test

6.76

16.38

2.24

1.67

9.61

22.61

.000 high significant

Attitude

Pretest

Post-test

18.33

35.68

3.79

3.55

17.35

26.62

.000 high significant

 


The table 4 showed that the pretest mean attitude score was 18.33 with SD 3.79 and its percentage score was 45.83% and in the post-test score it was 35.68 with SD 3.55 and in the post-test mean percentage score was 89.20%.

 

The table 5 showed that the pretest knowledge score among the school aged children regarding body safety skill was (6.76) with SD (2.24) and in the post-test score was (16.38) with SD (1.67). The mean difference was high and statistically high significant that is the video assisted teaching programme was effective to improve the knowledge score among school aged children regarding body safety skills. The pretest attitude score among the school aged children regarding body safety skill was (18.33) with SD (3.79) and in the post-test score was (35.68) with SD (3.55). The mean difference was high and statistically high significant that is the video assisted teaching programme was effective to improve the attitude score among school aged children regarding body safety skills.

 

CONCLUSION:

The study finding reveals that video assisted teaching programme helps to improve the knowledge and create positive attitude of school aged children regarding body safety skills.

 

DISCUSSION:

Out of 60 participants majority of (43.33%) children were 9 years, (36.67%) children were 8 years and (20%) children were 7 years. Regarding types of family, almost (60%) children belong to nuclear family, (26.67%) belongs to joint families and (13.33%) were from extended families. In relation to the religion most of the children (66.67%) were Christian, (30%) clients were Hindu, (3.33%) clients were Muslim and others were none. According to ordinal position of children more than (51.67%) were in first position, (36.67%) of them were second, (11.67%) of them were third and no children were in fourth positon.

 

 

REFERENCE:

1.     Marlow, R. Dorothy. and Barbara. (2006). Text Book of Paediatric Nursing. Second edition, philadelphia W.B.Saunder’s company.

2.     Anu, M., et.al. (2017). Knowledge of school children regarding sexual maltreatment. Indian journal of nursing studies.

3.     Basavanthappa, B.T., (2009) Nursing Research, first edition, New Delhi, Jaypee brothers publications.

4.     Choudhry, V. et.al. (2018). Child sexual abuse in India: a systemic review. PLoS ONE 13(10): e0205086. Retrived from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205086.

5.     Moffatt, G.K. (2003). Wounded innocents and fallen angels: child abuse and child aggression.(1st volume), Barbara:praeger.

6.     Polit, Denise, F. and Hungler, B(1999). Nursing Research Principles and methods. (6th edition), Philadelphia : Lippincoott Williams and Wilkins.

 

 

 

Received on 29.09.2020          Modified on 15.12.2020

Accepted on 10.02.2021        © AandV Publications all right reserved

Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2021; 9(2):179-181.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00043.0