Parents Expectations Regarding Academic Performance among School Children

 

Ritika Jamwal1, Sapna2*

1Lecturer, Department of Pediatric Nursing, RPEC, Mohali, Punjab. India.

2Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Nursing, RPEC, Mohali, Punjab. India.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sapna49@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Parental expectations have been found to play a critical role in children's academic success. The objectives of the study were to assess both father and mother expectations regarding academic performance among school children and find out the association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children. An exploratory research design was used to assess the both father and mother expectations regarding academic performance among 320 school children studying in Golden Bells School and Paragon Sr. Sec. School. Non observation checklist on parent expectations regarding academic performance was used and data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The result showed father and mother expectation level score regarding academic performance among school children, father’s expectation level score 93.4% had high expectations, 6.3% had moderate expectations and 0.3% had less expectations and mother’s expectation level score 90.3% had high expectations, 9.7% had moderate expectations and none of them had less expectation. There was significant association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children and there was a linear positive correlation between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children.

 

KEYWORDS: Parents expectations, Academic performance, school children.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Academic performance is the outcome of education the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. Academic performance is the one of the most cherished values in all cultures ever since the down of educational system, whether formal or informal. The term “parental expectations” has been defined in various ways in the literature, most researchers characterize parental expectations as realistic beliefs or judgments that parents have about their children's future achievement as reflected in course grades, highest level of schooling attained, or college attendance.

 

Parental expectations are based on an assessment of the child's academic capabilities as well as the available resources for supporting a given level of achievement. Most researchers operationalize parental expectations by asking parents “how far” they think their child will go in school or by asking them to forecast what grades a child will receive that year. Occasionally, researchers have also asked about student perceptions of parental expectations as a proxy for parental expectations themselves.

 

The role of parental expectations in affecting children's academic progress has received substantial attention from psychologists and sociologists over the past half century. In general, parental expectations have been found to play a critical role in children's academic success. Students whose parents hold high expectations receive higher grades, achieve higher scores on standardized tests, and persist longer in school than do those whose parents hold relatively low expectations.

Parental expectations influence student's academic outcomes through a variety of mechanisms, some of which are more powerful for a particular racial/ethnic group. We have identified four such mechanisms linked to high parental expectations: (a) child's internalization of parents’ valuation of achievement; (b) child’s higher competency beliefs; (c) more intensive and effective parental involvement; and (d) more optimistic and positive teacher perceptions of child's capabilities.

 

RESEARCH STATEMENT:

An Exploratory study on Parents Expectations regarding Academic Performance among School Children in selected schools, Ajitgarh, Punjab.

 

OBJECTIVES:

·      Assess both father and mother expectations regarding academic performance among school children.

·      Find out the association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children.

·      Associate between father and mother expectations regarding academic performance among school children with their selected demographic variables.

 

Operational Definitions:

Parent Expectations:

It refers to both father and mother who have belief that something good will happen from their children regarding their performance in study.

 

Academic Performance:

It refers to outcome of education the extent to which a children, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

 

School Children:

It refers to those individual who were studying in 5th to 8th standard at selected schools.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An exploratory research design was used to assess the both father and mother expectations regarding academic performance among 320 school children studying in 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th standard in Golden Bells School and Paragon Sr. Sec. School. Sample were selected by non probability purposive sampling technique.

 

Sampling criteria:

Inclusive criteria:

·      The students studying in 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th standard.

·      Children who were willing to participate in the study.

 

Exclusive criteria:

·      Children who were absent in the class at the time of data collection.

·      Children who have single parent.

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL:

Self administered tool was of two types:

Section A:

Demographic Variables: This section consists of variables to collect identification and socio demographic information such as age, gender, religion, father qualification, mother qualification, father occupation, mother occupation, family monthly income, number of siblings, position among sibling.

 

Section B:

Non observational checklist on parents expectations regarding academic performance among school children. It consists of 25 items.

 

RESULTS:

The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The result showed father and mother expectation level score regarding academic performance among school children, father’s expectation level score 93.4% had high expectations, 6.3% had moderate expectations and 0.3% had less expectations and mother’s expectation level score 90.3% had high expectations, 9.7% had moderate expectations and none of them had less expectation. There was significant association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children and there was a linear positive correlation between expectations of father

 

and mother regarding academic performance among school children through pearson’s correlation which gave ‘r’ value 0.714.There was a statistically significant association between the demographic variables and father expectations, such as religion, type of family and positions among siblings of children. As per mother expectations statistically significant association found between type of family and number of siblings of children.

 

Table No. 1 Father and mother expectation level score regarding academic performance among school children

CRITERIA MEASURE OF EXPECTATION SCORE

Category Score

FATHER EXPECTATION

MOTHER EXPECTATION

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

High Expectations

 (17-25)

299

93.4%

289

 

90.3%

Moderate Expectations  

(9-16)

20

6.3%

31

 

 9.7%

Less Expectations

(0-8)

1

0.3%

0

 

0%

 

Table.No. 1 shows, Majority of study subjects, father’s expectation level score 93.4% (299) had high expectations, 6.3%(20) had moderate expectations and 0.3%(1) had less expectations. Whereas majority of study subjects, mother’s expectation level score 90.3%(289) had high expectations and 9.7%(31) had moderate expectations and none of them had less expectations.

 

Table No. 2: Association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children

Association

MOTHER EXPECTATION

 

FATHER EXPECTATION

Level of Expectation

High

Moderate

Less

High

282

17

0

Moderate

6

14

0

Less

1

0

0

 

Chi Test

Chi Test

P Value

df

Table Value

Result

88.735

<0.001

2

5.991

*S

*S- Significant

 

Table no. 2 shows that association between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children is significant as calculated value is greater than table value.

 

Table No.3 Correlation between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance

Pearson's Correlation

Knowledge

FATHER EXPECTATION SCORE

MOTHER EXPECTATION SCORE

Mean

19.99

20.26

SD

2.609

2.578

N

320

Correlation

0.714

Table Value

0.110

P Value

0.000

Result

Significant

 

Table no. 3 shows the correlation between expectations of father and mother regarding academic performance among school children. Through pearson’s correlation which gave 'r' value 0.714. Hence it was concluded that the father expectation score and mother expectation score revealed a linear positive correlation regarding academic performance among school children.

 

There was a statistically significant association between the demographic variables and father expectations, such as religion, type of family and positions among siblings of children. As per mother expectations statistically significant association found between type of family and number of siblings of children.

 

IMPLICATIONS:

Nursing Education:

As parents expectations may impact in every aspect of school children life. It is important to educate positively parents expectations among school children.

 

Nursing Administration:

Nursing administration should anticipate the need of time and prepare young nurses to serve the community and school regarding parents expectations.

 

Nurse administrator can utilize the findings of the study and guidelines for imparting information on parents expectations regarding academic performance among school children and positive attitude towards parents expectations.

 

Nursing Service:

Nursing professionals should render services according to the changing needs of the society. There is need for the health personals to take active part in providing health education to people regarding positive attitude towards academic performance.

 

Nursing Research:

The same study can be replicated and the data can be used to disseminate this knowledge to a large population on parents expectations regarding academic performance. It may serve as referral material for health personal and researchers.

 

REFERENCES:

1.     Hafiz Muhammad Waqas Rafiq, et al.International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Parental Involvement and Academic Achievement, 2013. Vol. 3 No. 8, 209.

2.     Monteiro R, Sebastian KV, Ashok L. Parental pressure, present educational system and their impact on adolescents. Health Action, 2010. Vol- 22-4.

3.     Rutchick. Parental Expectations and Children's Academic Performance in Socio cultural Context, 2009. Available from: http://link.springer.com /article/10.1007/s10648-010-9121-z

4.     Ghazi. Parental involvement in their children academic motivation in rural areas at primary level. Asian social science, 2010. Vol.6 issue 4.

 

 

 

Received on 11.03.2018           Modified on 18.04.2018

Accepted on 21.05.2018     © A&V Publications all right reserved

Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2018; 6(3): 315-317.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00076.5