Volume No. :   6

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2018

ISSN Print :  2347-8640

ISSN Online :  2454-2660


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A Study to assess the Knowledge regarding Effects of Pesticides and Protective Measures adopted by the Housewives in Selected Urban Area



Address:   MR. Abhishek Vinod Shinde1*, Dr. Mrs Nisha Naik2
1Lecturer, Praytna Nursing College, District Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
2Asst. Professor, Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Nursing, Pune, Maharashtra
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00083.2

ABSTRACT:
Background-Pesticides and insecticides are the common potent chemicals sprayed on fruits and other crops to escape attacks and damage from various insects and pests to get higher yields from various agro produce. In tropical countries like India, possibilities of pest damages are maximum due to hot and humid weather.2Pesticide risk assessment is so difficult because an average person’s daily diet consists of many different foods, and many of those foods contain pesticide residues. People are not exposed to a single pesticide chemical at a constant dose level, the way laboratory animals are in toxicity tests; instead, they consume a constantly changing mixture of many different pesticides at variable levels.1India uses about 30,000 tons of pesticides a year, more than 60% of it on food crops. Use of excessive pesticides contaminates soil, water and finally enters the food chain and contaminates the food produced. About 20% of Indian food products contain pesticide residues above the tolerance level compared to only 2% globally. No detectable residues are found in 49% Indian food products compared to 80% globally. The United Nations Environment Program estimates accidental pesticide poisoning causing 20,000 deaths and 1 million cases of illness per year worldwide. Pesticides have been implicated in human studies with leukaemia, lymphoma, aplastic anaemia, soft tissue sarcoma and cancers of the breast, brain, prostate, testis and ovaries.5 The International Agency for Research on Cancer has found ‘sufficient’ evidence of carcinogenic potential in most of the pesticides beyond the threshold limit. In India, there are 27 pesticides which are banned for manufacture, import and use. Calcium carbide, a banned ripening chemical in many countries, including India, is openly and commonly used for ripening fruits. The fruit vendors use this deadly chemical as it is cost effective, easy to use and give better and quick results. It is popularly known as ‘masala’. Vendors artificially ripen mangoes, papayas, guavas, bananas, pears, plums, apples, chickoo, watermelons and muskmelons.1 Aims and Objectives-To identify the level of knowledge about ill effects of pesticides. To assess the knowledge of protective measures adopted by housewives regarding effects of pesticides. To Correlate knowledge of effect of pesticides and effect of protective measures and knowledge of protective measures. To associate knowledge of effect of pesticides and knowledge of protective measures adopted by housewives with demographic variable. Material and Methods-Data was collected from 200 housewives with the self-structured questionnaire and dichotomous questions to assess the knowledge of protective measures adopted by housewives regarding effects of pesticides. Result-The study shows that 21% of the housewives were aged between 21-30 years, 50% of them were of 31-40 years of age, another 25% of them age 41-50 years, 3% of them age 51-60 years. 21.5% of their monthly family income was less than Rs10000, 52.5% of their monthly family income was Rs10001-20000, 24% of their monthly family income was Rs20001-30000,2% of their monthly family income was Rs30001-40000.16.5% were living in katcha house,66% were living in pacca house,17.5% were living in semi pacca house. In knowledge section of ill effects of pesticides, 51% of housewives had poor knowledge regarding ill effects of pesticides, 47.5% of them had average knowledge1.5% of the housewives had good knowledge. In knowledge section of protective measures against pesticides, 12.5 of the housewives had poor knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides, 33% of the housewives had average knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides, 54.5% of them had good knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides. Conclusion-It is concluded that 51% of housewives had poor knowledge regarding ill effects of pesticides, 47.5% of them had average knowledge1.5% of the housewives had good knowledge. In knowledge section of protective measures against pesticides, 12.5 of the housewives had poor knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides, 33% of the housewives had average knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides, 54.5% of them had good knowledge of protective measures against ill effects of pesticides.
KEYWORDS:
Effects of pesticides. Protective measures.
Cite:
Abhishek Vinod Shinde, Nisha Naik. A Study to assess the Knowledge regarding Effects of Pesticides and Protective Measures adopted by the Housewives in Selected Urban Area. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2018; 6(4):345-347.
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