Volume No. :   5

Issue No. :  4

Year :  2017

ISSN Print :  2347-8640

ISSN Online :  2454-2660


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Evaluate the Efficacy of Topical Anesthetic on Pain during Venipuncture among the Children



Address:   Ms. Neelam1, Mr. Sunil Kumar Garg2, Dr. Harshvardhan Gupta3 1Lecturer Maharaja Agarsen Medical College of Nursing, Agroha Hisar. 2Associate Professor, SINPMS, Badal, Sri Mukatsar Sahib Punjab, A constitute college of BFUHS, Faridkot, Punjab. 3Associate Professor, M.D. Pediatric Guru Gobind Singh Medical Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab. *Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00089.8

ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION: Perception of pain in pediatrics is complex, and entails physiological, psychological, behavioural, and developmental factors. However, in spite of its frequency, pain in infants, children and adolescents are often underestimated and under treated. It has also been shown that infants and children, who experience pain in early life, show long-term changes in terms of pain perception and related behaviour. Professionals in health care settings have a responsibility to reduce pain and anxiety as much as possible to increase patient safety. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of topical anaesthetic on venipuncture pain in children who undergo these procedures repeatedly during the course of their treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A quantitative research approach, quasi experimental in which post-test only control group design without randomization was used to conduct this research study. A sample of 80 children as subjects (40-experiment and 40-control) who required venipuncture for any diagnostic and therapeutic purpose in selected hospitals of Punjab was selected using Non probability convenience sampling technique. RESULTS: The study results depicted that mean pain score (1.1±1.19) in experimental group was statistically significantly different then mean pain score (5.25±2.26) in control group. While comparing the level of pain, it was calculated using chi-square test, it was interpreted that there is statistically significant difference in the level of pain in experimental and control group at 0.05 level of significance. CONCLUSION: The study concluded that the topical anaesthetic cream was effective to reducing the pain during venipuncture among the children in experimental group than control group in selected hospitals of Punjab.
KEYWORDS:
Pain, Topical anaesthetic, Efficacy, venipuncture, children.
Cite:
Neelam, Sunil Kumar Garg, Harshvardhan Gupta. Evaluate the Efficacy of Topical Anesthetic on Pain during Venipuncture among the Children. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2017; 5(4): 415-419.
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