Volume No. :   5

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2017

ISSN Print :  2347-8640

ISSN Online :  2454-2660


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Assessment of the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Knowledge and attitude regarding the Dementia among Family Members of Elderly in selected Community Area



Address:   Ms. Sonali Waghmare1*, Mr. Muniyandi. S2
1Assistant Professor, Kasturba Nursing College, KHS, Sevagram
2HOD & Associate Professor, Kasturba Nursing College, KHS, Sevagram
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00052.7

ABSTRACT:
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Assessment of the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among family members of elderly in selected community area. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: 1. To assess the level of knowledge regarding the dementia among family members of elderly. 2. To assess the level of attitude regarding the dementia among family members of elderly. 3. To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among family members of elderly. 4. To determine the association between the knowledge regarding the dementia among family members of elderly with their selected demographic variables. 5. To determine the association between the attitude regarding the dementia among family members of elderly with their selected demographic variables. 6. To find out association between knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among family members of elderly. Research approach: Present study was conducted with the primary objective of determining the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among the family members of elderly in a selected community area. Hence evaluative research approach was considered as appropriate. With this approach it would be possible to evaluate the knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among the family members of elderly in a selected community area. Research Design: One group pre-test post-test design has been used to find the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge and attitude regarding the dementia among the family members of elderly in a selected community area and also to determine the association between knowledge and attitude of family members regarding the dementia with their selected demographic variables. Setting of the study: The study was conducted in selected community area. The rationale for selected this setting was an easy transport, familiarity with the setting, administrative approval, co-operation and availability of subjects. Sample and sampling technique: The sample consisted of 100 family members, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Non probability convenient sampling method was used for the study. Tool: Knowledge questionnaire and Likert scale to assess attitude is used to gather information. Validity and reliability: The reliability was established by Split half method. So in split half method the KR-20 formula is applied to find out the reliability. The reliability coefficient correlation for structured knowledge questionnaire was r = 0.72. It is reliable to the instrument. Investigator has an attitude Likert scale, so the Spearman-Brown formula used to find out the reliability value, the reliability value is 0.92 it’s highly reliable. To obtain the content validity of the tool, the prepared tool with the synopsis, planned teaching on dementia, evaluators response sheet and content validity certificate were submitted to 11 experts in the field of psychiatric nursing and psychiatry. All validated tools were received back from the experts with their valuable suggestions and comments. Pilot study: The investigator conducted the pilot study in the month of December 2015. The duration of pilot study was 7/12/2015 to 13/12/2015. Permission from the Sarpanch of the village was obtained before conducting the study. The non probability convenient sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample. The pilot study was found to be feasible. Data gathering process: The data gathering process was from 04/01/2016 to 24/01/2016, after obtaining permission from the informed authorities total 100 samples were selected as per criteria. Investigator assessed knowledge by using structured questionnaire and attitude by 5 point Likert scale before and after administration of planned teaching. The data was analyzed in terms of the objectives of the study and presented in the form of tables and graphs. Finding of the study: The findings of the study includes, the analysis and interpretation of data collected from the family member of elderly in the selected community area. In this study, out of 100 subjects, most of the subjects 53 ( 53% ) were females, the age group of 44 ( 44% )subjects was 31 - 40 years, the educational qualification of most of the subjects 36 (36%) was higher secondary education, majority of the subjects 42 ( 42% ) were self employed, most of the subjects 60 ( 60% ) belongs to joint type of family, 51 ( 51% ) had annual income between rupees 10,001- 20,000 per month, 77 ( 77% ) subjects had no any previous knowledge about dementia, the source of information of 10 ( 10% ) subjects was newspapers and magazines. In pre test, 13% subjects had poor knowledge, majority of the subjects i.e. 79% had significant knowledge, minority of the subjects 8% had good knowledge and nobody was in excellent group and only 19% subjects had unfavourable attitude and majority i.e. 81% of the subjects had moderately favourable attitude regarding dementia and nobody had favourable attitude. While in post test, out of 100 subjects 4% of the subjects had good knowledge and 96% had excellent knowledge about dementia. And 10% of the subjects had moderately favourable attitude and majority of the subjects i.e. 90% had favourable attitude regarding the dementia. The comparison between the mean of pretest and post test for knowledge showed that the mean of differences was 14.88, the calculated ‘t’ value was 39.199. It shows that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge of the family members of elderly regarding the dementia. The comparison between the mean of pretest and post test for attitude showed that the mean of differences was 36.5, the calculated ‘t’ value was 35.07. It shows that there was a significant improvement in the attitude of the family members of elderly regarding the dementia, so, the null hypothesis H0 is rejected and the research hypothesis H1 is accepted. The correlation index between knowledge and attitude related to dementia among family members of elderly are not significantly associated with each other. CONCLUSION The analysis of the study revealed that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge and attitude of the family members of elderly. The planned teaching proved to be effective in improving the knowledge and attitude of the family members of elderly in selected community area.
KEYWORDS:
Assessment, effectiveness, planned teaching, knowledge, attitude, dementia.
Cite:
Sonali Waghmare, Muniyandi. S. Assessment of the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Knowledge and attitude regarding the Dementia among Family Members of Elderly in selected Community Area. Int. J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2017; 5(3): 241-260.
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